The odds of developing metabolic syndrome — a cluster of conditions including high triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, high glucose levels and abdominal obesity that raises diabetes and stroke risk — 27 years later was higher among people who had poor breakfast habits as teens, found researchers from Umea University.
“Further studies are required for us to be able to understand the mechanisms involved in the connection between poor breakfast and metabolic syndrome, but our results and those of several previous studies suggest that a poor breakfast can have a negative effect on blood sugar regulation,” study researcher Maria Wennberg said in a statement.
The study, published in the journal Public Health Nutrition, is based on data from 889 people who were part of the Northern Swedish Cohort. Study participants answered questions when they were age 16 about their breakfast habits, and then were followed up with again when they were age 43 to see if they had developed metabolic syndrome.
By the end of the study period, 27 percent of the participants had developed metabolic syndrome. Researchers found an association between eating a poor breakfast as a teenager and a 68 percent higher incidence of metabolic syndrome at the end of the follow-up period.
Central obesity and high fasting glucose levels were especially strongly linked with poor breakfast habits in adolescence.
In the past, a study conducted by researchers on the University of Colorado School associated with Medicine in Aurora showed that skipping breakfast could be especially detrimental to women that are overweight, in that this indicates to temporarily induce insulin level of resistance — a known diabetes risk factor — with this group.