Snowden, who is wanted by Washington for leaking details of U.S. intelligence programs, is seeking temporary asylum in Russia after spending more than three weeks at a Moscow airport trying to fly to a country that will shelter him.
Allowing the American to stay in Russia even temporarily would upset Washington. But a refusal would open Putin to criticism at home that he has not stood up to Moscow’s former Cold War enemy, even though he has refused to extradite Snowden.
Asked during a visit to the eastern Siberian town of Chita whether the affair would cast a shadow over a U.S.-Russia summit due in September in Moscow, Putin told reporters on Wednesday: “Bilateral relations, in my opinion, are far more important than squabbles about the activities of the secret services.”
Putin did not say whether Russia would grant Snowden’s temporary asylum request, but made clear he was still insisting the American must agree to do nothing to harm the United States.
“We warned Mr Snowden that any action by him that could cause damage to Russian-American relations is unacceptable for us,” Putin said.
Russia would take an independent decision when deciding on Snowden’s fate, but maintaining relations with Washington was also a “national objective”, the president added.
Snowden is useful as a propaganda tool for Putin, who accuses the U.S. government of preaching to the world about rights and freedoms it does not uphold at home.
But Putin wants the summit with Obama to go ahead and both countries have signaled they want better relations, strained by
issues ranging from the Syrian conflict to Putin’s treatment of opponents since he started a six-year third term in 2012.
A lawyer helping Snowden with his asylum request said on Tuesday that he had given him a verbal promise that he would stop activities directed against the United States.
But a human rights activist who attended a meeting with Snowden at Moscow’s Sheremetyevo airport on Friday said the American did not regard his leaks as harmful to his home country.
Snowden, 30, says the United States has prevented him from flying to Latin America – where Nicaragua, Bolivia and Venezuela have offered to give him refuge – by putting pressure on other countries not to help him escape U.S. justice.
Putin has also accused the United States of trapping Snowden
but Russia has kept the former contractor at arm’s length by saying it regards the transit area between the runway and passport control as neutral territory.
“Mr Snowden, as I understand it, never intended to stay here, in Russia, forever. He has even said so himself,” Putin said. He added that he did not know what Snowden’s long-term plans were and said: “It is his fate and his choice.”
Putin said rights advocates knew they could face certain costs when they got involved in their activities, and it often became particularly “complicated” if they criticized the United States.
“The example with the Bolivian president’s plane showed this,” he said, referring to a decision by four U.S. allies in Europe to prevent Evo Morales’ plane entering their airspace this month because they thought Snowden was on board.
President Barack Obama’s administration on Tuesday repeated its call for Russia to send Snowden back to the United States.
“He is not a human rights activist, he is not a dissident. He is accused of leaking classified information,” White House spokesman Jay Carney said.